Canine parvovirosis is a viral diseases affecting mainly young puppies aged below twelve months. The typical way of spreading the infection is eating or snuffing material containing the virus (faeces or vomit particles). The incubation period ranges from three to five days, after which the clinical signs are bloody diarrhea with a specific smell, vomiting and loss of appetite. The vomiting and diarrhea are so severe that the pets dehydrate very quickly, their protective strength is weakened, and additional bacterial infections develop.
Diagnosis is made through rapid laboratory tests to prove the presence of the parvovirus.
Parvovirosis is among the most common diseases of young puppies and therefore the vaccination scheme always starts with it.
The traditional treatment of parvovirosis is symptomatic. Antibiotics are also administered, but they are effective at a somewhat later stage when a secondary bacterial infection has developed. Hydration through intravenous infusion of solutions is of paramount importance and the most appropriate therapy is homeopathic.
When the homeopathic treatment begins with the very first signs of the disease, the symptoms disappear within days and pets do not develop the severe form of the disease. Even at a later stage, the administration of homeopathic medication will stimulate the own recuperative mechanisms of the organism and will help it stabilise.
The frequently administered medication includes the following:
Veratrum Album – spastic abdominal pain with abundant defecation and rapid dehydration
Colocynthis – spastic intestinal pain, defecation attempts
Mercurius Corrosivus – severe diarrhea with prevalence of tenesmus
Phosphorus – severe vomiting shortly after meals, hemorrhages
Ipeca – nausea and vomiting without thirst, hemorrhagic rectocolitis
Baptisia Tinctoria – severe infection syndrome affecting the intestines
Magnesia Phosphorica – intestinal colic, painful diarrhea
Arsenicum Album – acute gastroenteritis, vomiting and diarrhea, painful evacuation of hurting putrid faeces, affected general condition
China Rubra – exhausting diarrhea, dehydration, abdominal meteorism
Aloe – diarrhea with sphincter weakness
Author: Dr Nevena Mikova